6 types of malware 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐡𝐨𝐰 𝐭𝐨 𝐝𝐞𝐚𝐥 𝐰𝐢𝐭𝐡 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦

6 types of malware 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐡𝐨𝐰 𝐭𝐨 𝐝𝐞𝐚𝐥 𝐰𝐢𝐭𝐡 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦

6 types of malware and how to deal with them

UNGUAN || The internet has now become one of the media that we use every day. Therefore, the existence of malware is important to understand and be aware of.

Because malware is dangerous software that spreads over the internet and can hack your data without needing permission first.

To avoid this from happening, you need to know how to deal with malware infections , one of which can be done by entering laptop safe mode .

For complete information, see information about what malware is, its types, and how to deal with it in this article!

What is Malware?

Even though the term malware is familiar, most people still don't know what it means . 

Literally, malware comes from a combination of the words malicious and software , which means evil or dangerous software.

Meanwhile, in general, the definition of malware is malicious software that can infect IT devices without permission.

When it enters IT devices, malware can cause damage to networks, servers and systems.

For example, it can change the appearance of the website, display irrelevant advertisements, remove the site from search pages, and even steal your data.

Malware itself can enter laptops through the internet network and several intermediaries, such as advertisements, illegal websites and phishing e-mails.

Apart from that, malware infection can also be through software applications that will be installed on the desktop . Where, malware code is usually inserted in the application programming.

Types of Malware

After understanding what malware is and its dangers, you also need to know the types, so you can be more alert.

In relation to that, the types of malware are as follows:

1. Virus

The first type of malware that often attacks IT devices is viruses. Malware viruses are malicious software that is attached to a file or document.

Even though it doesn't steal data, the presence of viruses in IT devices can damage the documents contained in them. In fact, viruses can also delete data on your hard disk .

Viruses can spread in several ways, such as via e-mail attachments or files downloaded from the internet.

So, you need to be careful when downloading anything from the internet and make sure that the e-mail attachments or pages you visit are not suspicious.

2. Adware

When opening a website, have you ever encountered pop up advertisements appearing on your laptop screen? Well, it is adware.

Adware is software programmed to display automatic online advertisements in the form of pop ups.

What makes it dangerous is that this type of malware can install applications without permission and can change your IT device's browser settings.

3. Spyware

Furthermore, spyware is a type of malware designed to spy on your activities while surfing the internet.

This type of malware will record activities and collect various information without your knowledge. What's worse, this information can be sent to other people without permission.

4. Trojan

One example of the most dangerous malware that you need to be careful of is a trojan . Why is that?

This is because trojans can not only damage IT device systems, but can also steal your important data, such as passwords and transaction information.

Furthermore, what makes this malware even more dangerous is that its presence is difficult to detect.

Because, trojans are usually inserted in software program code. So, laptop users are usually not aware of the existence of trojans.

5. Keylogger

The next type of malware is keylogger . The way keylogger malware works is that it records all information typed using the keyboard .

So, this type of malware can store important information, such as your e-mail account password .

However, keyloggers are known to not be able to record information typed using a virtual keyboard .

6. Botnet

Botnets or robot networks are a type of malware that you need to be aware of.

Botnet itself is a collection of bots used by hackers to retrieve various important information from your IT devices.

Afterwards, this information will be used to control your device remotely.

7. Ransomware

No less dangerous, the next type of malware is Ransomware. Maybe you are a little familiar , considering that there have recently been cases of system attacks using this type of malware .

Usually, hackers use this malware to hack and lock access to IT device owner data. After that, he will ask for ransom for the data.

So, it can be said that ransomware is software that is used to hack and extort IT device owners.

8. Worms

Malware worms are malicious software that can enter the operating system of your IT device.

This malware can replicate itself and then destroy the operating system and empty your device's drive .

How to Overcome Malware on Laptops

If your laptop is infected with malware, there are several things you can do. Some ways to deal with malware are as follows:

1. Disconnect Internet Connection

First of all, the step you need to take when attacked by malware is to disconnect the internet connection first.

Because, an internet connection is an access point for malware to enter your laptop. Apart from that, this method is also intended to prevent the transmission of malware to other devices.

2. Enter Safe Mode

Next, the way to deal with malware is to enter safe mode on your laptop or computer.

This method is commonly used to repair damage that occurs to IT devices. So, the way to enter safe mode is different for each device .

However, the general way to enter safe mode is as follows:

Restart laptop

When the screen lights up press F8

Select the Safe Mode option

3. Reset Browser

Remembering that malware can enter IT devices via internet downloads, you can overcome this by resetting your browser.

This method is intended to delete unknown files or applications that were accidentally installed.

So, the way to reset the browser itself is different for each application, but you can do it by going to the settings menu.

For the Google Chrome application, here are the steps:

  1. Open the Settings menu in the Google Chrome application
  2. Select the Advanced menu
  3. Klik Clean Up
  4. Select Clean Up Computer
  5. Click Find or Scan
  6. Once Google Chrome detects the malicious file, click Remove

4. Scan Using Antimalware

The next way to deal with malware is to scan it using an antimalware application.

Perform a thorough laptop scan using this application to detect the presence of malware.

If malware is found on your laptop , this antimalware application will automatically delete it.

5. Remove Temporary Files

How to deal with malware on a laptop can also be done by deleting temporary files .

You need to do this before scanning using an antimalware application. The aim is to make the scanning process easier later.

So, the way to delete temporary files is to use the cleanup feature available on the laptop.

To do this, just type disk cleanup in the laptop search bar , then click open . After that, select the drive to clean.

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